It has achieved a remarkable development thanks to the artists’ creativeness using various techniques and materials to produce their works.
Mask sculptures are very popular. Some of the materials used are papier-mâché, clay moulds, wood or tula (a plant product). Their relief is enhanced with nice and attractive colors, where red stands out, and other spectacular contracts. Masks originate from Parita, in the Province of Herrera, although they have also won a place in Los Santos and in the city of Panama.
Wood carvings are best made by Chocoe Indians who are the most popular and highly valued exponents of this art using a knife and a good pair of hands as the most common tools.
Tagua (ivory palm) is a palm tree of a short stem and a leafy crown producing a seed whose hard endosperm is the vegetal ivory which has been given plenty of use. It should be noted that sculpting on “tagua” is extremely difficult. The best exponent of this art has been an emberá Indian sculptor, from Darién, named Selerino Checarama, who became famous since 1990.
The so-called popular sculpture also has a widespread presence in carnivals and Christmas parades. In the same way, works made of clay have widely spread. A simple and rudimentary type of work showing amazing results where Mrs. Yolanda Mosquera has set up as an expert amongst the most outstanding artists.