It was designed by Mr. Manuel Encarnación Amador, the son of the first President of the Republic of Panama, Mr. Manuel Amador Guerrero, and it was made for the first time during the night of 2 nd November 1903, thanks to his step-mother’s sewing skills, Mrs. María De La Ossa de Amador and his step-sister, Miss Angelica Bergamota De La Ossa, who were entrusted with its manufacture.
Panama ’s flag consists of a rectangle divided into four equal parts. The first upper part, closer to the flagpole, is white with a blue five-cornered star; the second upper part, next to the aforementioned one, is red; the first lower rectangle close to the flagpole is blue; and the second one next to it is white with a red five-cornered star.
It is noteworthy that the colours of the Panamanian flag represent the historical political parties of that time: the Conservator (blue) and the Liberal (red), while the white colour symbolizes the long-expected peace between both parties for the well-being and development of the country. The blue star denotes strength and honesty and the red star means authority and law.
The Flag Day is commemorated every 4 th November by means of parades and ceremonies filled with patriotism and dignity.